While eating well and exercising are important pieces of your self-care routine, regular cancer screening is another vital part; it’s easy and it can save your life.
Regular screening enables your health care providers to prevent or detect cancer early, when it is less likely to have spread, which means that treatment can be started earlier in the course of the disease. Early detection allows for more treatment options and better health outcomes.
The BC Cancer Agency encourages eligible British Columbians to regularly participate in breast, cervical and colon cancer screening.
Approximately one in eight women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Regular screening mammograms can find breast cancer early, usually before it has spread.
Who should have a screening mammogram?
- Women age 40-74 without a family history of breast cancer may have a mammogram every two years.
- Women age 40-74 with one first degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer should have a mammogram every year.
A doctor’s referral is not required. Make an informed decision to screen for breast cancer. Visit www.screeningbc.ca/breast
to learn more.
Cervical cancer usually has no symptoms. Screening for cervical cancer involves a Pap test, which can find abnormal cells in the cervix before they become cancerous. If these abnormal cells are found and treated early, cervical cancer can be stopped from developing.
Screening can also identify cancer at an early stage – before it can cause symptoms. If cervical cancer is caught at its earliest stage, the chance of survival is more than 85 per cent.
Who should have a Pap test?
Women between the ages of 25 and 69 should have a Pap test every three years. Talk to your doctor about whether cervical cancer screening is right for you. For more information, visit: www.screeningbc.ca/cervix
Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed forms of cancer, affecting one in six people in British Columbia.
Regular colon screening can prevent colon cancer by finding and removing polyps before they turn into cancer. Colon cancer is easier to treat when found at an early stage. With early detection and treatment, survival rates are approximately 90 per cent.
Who should screen for colon cancer?
There are two tests used to screen for colon cancer: the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and the colonoscopy.
FIT is recommended every 2 years for people who do not have a personal history of adenomas or a significant family history of colon cancer.
Colonoscopy is recommended every 5 years for people with a strong family history of colon cancer or a personal history of adenomas.