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HPV - The Science

Infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common virus to have and will usually go away on its own. However, sometimes it can cause cancer of the cervix (part of the uterus), penis, anus and head/neck.

HPV facts

You can't always tell when you have HPV, sometimes there are no symptoms to show that you have it.

  •  HPV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • HPV is the most common type of STI.
  • HPV can affect both females and males.
  • You can "catch" HPV through having any kinds of sex, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus.

The HPV Vaccine

  • HPV vaccines can protect the types of HPV viruses that are known to cause cervical cancer.
  • Females and males are best protected when they get the HPV vaccine before they become sexually active.

What types of cancers are linked to HPV?

HPV can lead to the development of these cancers:
  • Throat
  • Cervix (female only)
  • Penis
  • Anus
  • Vulva
  • Vagina


Currently there are no updated statistics on the type of cancers that likely were caused by HPV infection.

You can view more statistics at the  Canadian Population Attributable Risk of Cancer study.

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SOURCE: HPV - The Science ( )
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