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What is the FIT?

The screening test for colon cancer is called the Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT). FIT detects blood in your stool (poop) which can be a sign of pre-cancer. FIT can be done in the comfort of your own home by following the instructions​ provided in your kit. There are also no dietary or medication restrictions so you can continue to eat your regular meals and take your medications when testing.

This safe, user-friendly test is more accurate than the previously used guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) and can find pre-cancerous and cancerous cells early- when cancer can be prevented or caught sooner.

To get a test kit, talk to your doctor and ask for a FIT. If you are eligible for screening, your doctor will give you an order form for a free FIT kit. You can then take the order form to a participating lab, and pick up your FIT kit. There are no risks in taking a FIT and your results will be sent to your doctor who will arrange all necessary follow-up.

For more information about the FIT, watch the animated video below.

 

Video available in EnglishCantoneseMandarin and Punjabi

Your questions

The Fecal Immunochemical Test is free with an order by your doctor. Patients who are eligible for screening are encouraged to contact their doctor.

 

You can drop them off at any participating laboratory. Visit our laboratory locations page to find a location near you.

 

No. The kit has to be brought back to one of the specified drop-off locations.

 

Yes, an unused test kit will expire after six months. However, once you have used the test, please return the kit immediately. Your sample will expire after 7 days of taking the test.

 
An abnormal result does NOT mean that you have cancer. However, it is very important to attend follow-up tests to determine the reason for the abnormal result.

If you a have an abnormal result your doctor will make recommendations for follow-up testing. Usually colonoscopy is recommended. This is a common procedure that allows a specialist to look at the inside of the colon and rectum to make a diagnosis. For more information on results, click here. For more information on what it means to have an abnormal FIT result, watch the video below.


 

SOURCE: What is the FIT? ( )
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